Expected increase in dementia rate according to WHO guidelines

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Expected increase in dementia rate according to WHO guidelines

Expected increase in dementia rate according to WHO guidelines

The World Health Organization (WHO) predicts that the number of people with dementia will reach 152 million by 2050.

"In the next 30 years, it is estimated that the number of SDGs has tripled," said WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

The projected increase will be in low- and middle-income countries with high population growth rates.

As SDG rates have increased, WHO has published guidelines for the first time to reduce the risk factors for dementia. Some risk factors include diet and lifestyle.

Although age is presented as a major risk factor, this does not mean that dementia is inevitable.

"We know that it is possible to change and avoid several risk factors for dementia," said Dr Neerja Chowdhary, WHO Representative on Health and Substance Abuse.

The guidelines indicate a range of lifestyles, including physical activity, smoking, unhealthy eating and drinking.

In its guidelines, the WHO recommends adults to adopt a balanced Mediterranean diet, to stop smoking, to avoid consuming too much alcohol and to pay attention to weight.

The guidelines also advise adults to continue to improve cognitive functions that help boost brain performance while protecting dementia.

In addition, WHO also recommends an active social life for adults. Social life is thought to reduce the risk of cognitive impairment in adults.

Dementia is a disease that attacks the brain and affects memory, behavior and the ability to perform daily activities.

About 5 to 8% of the elderly in the world suffer from Alzheimer's disease and several other forms of dementia. In Indonesia, about 2 million cases are registered each year.
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